Szentkirályi, Levente, and Michael Burch. “An Umbrella of Legitimacy: Rebel Faction Size and External Military Intervention.” International Political Science Review (March 2017)
Abstract: How may the legitimacy of rebel groups shape the decisions of third-party states to support insurgencies militarily? In aiming to better understand how the (group-level) attributes of insurgencies motivate interventions on their behalf, we argue that the size of rebel forces serves as a proxy for a revolution’s perceived legitimacy within the international community. Specifically, we maintain that the larger the insurgency, the greater its perceived legitimacy and, thus, the more likely intervention on its behalf becomes. This analysis challenges previous studies that have confined the causal salience of faction size to relative capabilities or strength, and also underscores the controversial policy implications of this finding.
Unpublished appendix materials available here.